Different components of water balance and temperature reduce density and height growth of saplings of Picea abies (L.) H. Karst (Norway spruce), Abies alba Mill. (silver fir) and Fagus sylvatica L. (European beech) in mixed uneven-aged forests in the French Alps and Jura mountains. Ungulate browsing is an additional pressure on fir and beech that could jeopardise the renewal of these species in the future.
Regeneration; Mixed forest; Canopy openness; Water availability; Summer Temperature; Ungulate browsing; Picea abies; Abies alba; Fagus sylvatica
Unkule, M., Piedallu, C., Balandier, P. et al. Climate and ungulate browsing impair regeneration dynamics in spruce-fir-beech forests in the French Alps. Annals of Forest Science 79, 11 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13595-022-01126-y
Data and/or Code availability
The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available on the INRAE data portal www.data.inrae.fr with the following reference: https://doi.org/10.15454/J0NVIK