Elevated temperature, elevated CO2 concentration, and their combination significantly promoted the number and biomass of female mulberry (Morus alba L.) flowers, but the opposite is true for males. This paper demonstrates that male mulberry trees would suffer
Cloud forest tree seedlings of higher leaf mass to area ratio and leaf dry matter content displayed higher survival along an elevation gradient in the forest understorey. Phenotypic plasticity in leaf functional traits was not related to
Reduction in the aboveground biomass of larger trees is the main consequence of disturbances in open forests dominated by bamboo. Because these trees are of central importance both for ecosystem function and for the economic value of
Both low- and moderate-severity secondary disturbances are drivers of eastern Canadian boreal old-growth forests dynamics. Moderate-severity disturbances reflect mainly spruce budworm outbreaks. Low-severity disturbances are produced by both spruce budworm outbreaks and random events such as windthrow.
Gravitropic movements in angiosperm woody stems are achieved through the action of bark and/or wood motor, depending on the bark and wood fibre anatomy (with trellis structure or not; with G-layers or not). Bark motor is as
Litter chemical quality regulates the distinct composition of the main microbial groups and ecoenzymatic stoichiometry. Microbes in spruce ( Picea asperata Mast.) and fir ( Abies faxoniana Rehd.) rather than birch ( Betula platyphylla Suk.) and rhododendron
Adequate storability of black poplar ( Populus nigra L.) seeds at temperatures below 0 °C was associated with preservation of proteins of energy and carbohydrate metabolism, protein turnover, and proteins maintaining long-term stability of dehydrated tissue. Context
There is no one-size-fits-all policy instrument to enhance wood mobilization. The success of implementing such policy measures can vary among countries and regions depending on the specific structural and institutional conditions as well as on behavioural aspects
The deadwood of different tree species with different decomposition rates affects soil organic carbon sequestration in Estonian and Polish forests. In warmer conditions (Poland), the deadwood decomposition process had a higher rate than in cooler Estonian forests.
We developed a climatic response function using 20-year tree height observed from 45 Ginkgo biloba plantations in China and used it to predict the growth and habitat responses to anticipated climate change. We projected northward and upward