Bird assemblages in planted spruce (Picea abies L.) forests were compositionally distinct from those in naturally regenerated mixed stands. Despite rapid stand development on productive soils, even-aged silviculture cannot host most old-forest species. However, their habitat quality could be supported in landscape mosaics with retention forestry and set-asides.
Biodiversity; Natural regeneration; Old-forest birds; Resident birds; Planted forest; Sustainable forest management
Pass, E., Kont, R. & Lõhmus, A. Spruce (Picea abies L.) planting leads post-clearcut bird assemblages to a novel successional pathway—a comparative study in hemiboreal mixed forests. Annals of Forest Science 79, 20 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13595-022-01138-8
Data and/or Code availability
The datasets generated and/or analyzed during the current study are available in the Zenodo repository. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6323328