Phenotypic and genotypic data of a European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) progeny trial issued from three plots along an elevation gradient in Mont Ventoux, South-Eastern France

Key message

We provide phenotypic and genotypic data for a progeny trial of 5813 European beech seedlings, originating from 60 open-pollinated families collected at three altitudes (1020 m; 1140 m, 1340 m) on Mont Ventoux (44° 11′ N; 17° 5′ E).

Background

Considering the patterns of adaptive traits’ genetic divergence and local adaptation displayed by many tree species at large spatial scale, forest tree populations are usually assumed to have a high evolutionary potential (Alberto et al. 2013). However, there is still limited evidence of the level of genetic variation available within population at key functional traits involved in response to climate. Moreover, we also need to investigate the abilities of tree populations to adapt to local variation of their environment (i.e., microgeographic adaptation, Richardson et al. 2014).

This data paper extensively describes a valuable quantitative genetic experiment designed to address these issues in the European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.), a major tree species in Europe. Sixty beech maternal progenies were collected in three plots along an elevation gradient and grown in a common garden under two contrasted experimental conditions (water stress/no water stress), to assess how the variation at twelve adaptive traits partitioned within and among families, plots, and experimental contrasts. Moreover, we genotyped a subset of offspring and all the potentially reproductive adults in the three plots at 13 microsatellite markers to infer paternal relationships and to estimate average relatedness within and between maternal families and genetic divergence among plots.

Publication
Oddou-Muratorio, S., Gauzere, J., Angeli, N. et al. Phenotypic and genotypic data of a European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) progeny trial issued from three plots along an elevation gradient in Mont Ventoux, South-Eastern France. Annals of Forest Science 78, 88 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-021-01105-9

Data availability
The seedlings and adult databases are available at Portail Data INRAE: https://doi.org/10.15454/6HETQP
Associated metadata access is at https://metadata-afs.nancy.inra.fr/geonetwork/srv/fre/catalog.search#/metadata/55aa3d92-3866-48e9-b000-f9cbf2d13d03

Handling Editor
Marianne Peiffer

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