Dormancy in Arecaceae diaspores is due to underdeveloped embryos, therefore, morphological dormancy or morphophysiological dormancy. Consequently, claims such as external seed structures inhibit germination, embryos are fully developed at maturity, and underdeveloped embryo is not a form of dormancy are rejected, because embryo size of the diaspore at the time of dispersal was not taken into consideration. The re-classification proposal for moving morphological dormancy into non-dormancy is also discouraged. This is owing to the fact that when both morphological dormancy and non-dormant seeds are placed under conditions suitable for germination, those with morphological dormancy do not germinate immediately due to time needed for growth of the embryo, whereas non-dormant seeds can germinate quickly. The implications of correctly defining dormancy class are important, for researchers working with seeds at various levels from forestry to molecular biology.
Jaganathan, G.K. Defining correct dormancy class matters: morphological and morphophysiological dormancy in Arecaceae. Annals of Forest Science 77, 100 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-020-01010-7
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