In Malawi, the rise of pigeonpea and cassava production has created conflicts. Farmers in Malawi cut pigeonpea and sorghum to extend production for more than one growing season. They also grow cassava, a perennial food crop that has a proven track record of abating hunger. Rogé et al. show that research is needed to evaluate trade-offs of ratooned systems, to further develop markets for smallholder farmers, and to breed ratoon crops with yield stability and resistance to diseases and pests.