Food security is increased and poverty is reduced in sub-Saharan African by cultivation of fruits and vegetables. However, up to 100% yield losses are due to insects and diseases. Misuse, overuse and use of unauthorized pesticides are common among small farmers. De Bon et al. presents solutions based on agroecology and integrated pest management (IPM) to reduce pesticide use. In particular ecological methods and good pesticide management should be taught to farmers and other stakeholders.